Here a list of the most Famous places in Rome
Once you arrive in the eternal city there are many famous places in Rome to visit, whether they are monuments or streets along which take a walk.
Rome: an open-air museum
Rome is an open-air museum; therefore, ancient monuments are surely the most famous places in Rome to see. Among them, there is the Coliseum, one of the largest amphitheater in the world, inside which took place the fights between the Roman gladiators and ferocious beasts; Castel Sant’Angelo, also known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian, located on the right bank of the Tiber River in front of the bridge bearing the same name along which there are the angels sculpted by Bernini; the Pantheon – the circular temple with a hole in its dome, inside which you can see the tombs of two kings and a queen of Italy – and the Roman Forum, an archeological complex between the Palatine and the Capitoline Hills – the place where all the political, commercial and religious activities of the ancient Rome took place – with plenty of ruins of important architectural buildings.
St. Peter’s Basilica
The several churches you can find in the city are surely famous places in Rome to visit, and among them the most famous one, St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, designed by the most famous Italian architects of Renaissance such as Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini. It is the hugest church in the world with its majestic square surrounded by Bernini’s colonnade and its imposing dome designed by Michelangelo, the tallest dome in the world. Inside the basilica you can find many pope tombs and admire a lot of sculptures among which the wonderful Pietà by Michelangelo.
However, there are also famous places in Rome that are not only monuments and churches: for example, the two most famous squares in the city: Piazza Navona, full of artists who sketch landscapes, portraits and caricatures and amazingly illuminated during Christmas time and Piazza di Spagna, with the famous Spanish Steps, the impressive Baroque staircase covered with flowers during Spring. Or the beautiful Campo de’ Fiori, the square where, in 1600, were being killed all those condemned to death – like the philosopher Giordano Bruno – and nowadays, at night, becomes the center of entertainment.
The Jewish Quarter
Also, the Jewish Quarter, or the Ghetto, is one of the most famous places in Rome, known for good restaurants, art galleries and quaint cobbled streets. The Ghetto – established in 1555 on the banks of the Tiber River and walled for almost three centuries – housed thousands of impoverished Roman Jews. It was opened at the end of the 19th century and most of the crumbling building were knocked down; only a small section of the old wall remains in one of the courtyards on the Piazza delle Cinque Scole.