Welcome to the eternal city: Rome tourist attractions
Once you arrive in the eternal city there is an embarrassing wealth of options regarding Rome tourist attractions: the Coliseum, St. Peter’s Basilica, the Trevi Fountain, Piazza Navona and Piazza di Spagna, the Pantheon, the Roman Forum and much more.
When you think about Rome, you immediately think about the Coliseum, the Flavian Amphitheater made by concrete and sand, built by the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, one of the largest amphitheater in the world. Inside its arena took place the fights of the Roman gladiators, slaves, war prisoners or criminals who lost their lives fighting against wild an ferocious beasts. With its oval shape and its imposing arcades it is surely one of the most famous Rome tourist attractions, visited every year by millions of people.
St. Peter’s Basilica
Whether you are religious or not, when in Rome, you have to visit all its majestic churches and above all St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican designed by the most famous Italian architects of Renaissance such as Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini. It is the hugest church in the world with its majestic square surrounded by Bernini’s colonnade and its imposing dome designed by Michelangelo, the tallest dome in the world. Inside the basilica you can find many pope tombs and admire a lot of sculptures among which the wonderful Pietà by Michelangelo.
The Trevi Fountain – Piazza Navona – Piazza di Spagna
Among Rome tourist attractions you cannot miss the Trevi Fountain where – according to the local tradition – you have to throw a coin in order to be sure to come back again in the city, and the two most famous squares in Rome: Piazza Navona, with its wonderful Fountain of the four rivers by Bernini in the center surrounded by artists who sketch landscapes, portraits and caricatures; and Piazza di Spagna, with the famous Barcaccia fountain by Bernini and the Spanish Steps, the impressive Baroque staircase covered with flowers during Spring and often used for fashion shows by the most talented Italian stylists such as Valentino, Armani, Missoni, Fendi etc whose boutiques are in the opposite Via Condotti.
The Pantheon – The Roman Forum
Two other important historic Rome tourist attractions are the Pantheon and the Roman Forum. The Pantheon is a circular pagan temple later become a Christian church with a hole – the oculus – in its dome. Inside it there are the tombs of two kings of Italy and a queen. The Roman Forum is a large archeological complex between the Palatine and the Capitoline Hills, the place where all the political, commercial and religious activities of the ancient Rome took place. It is full of ruins of important architectural buildings such as the Temple of Vespasian and Titus, the Arch of Septimius Severus, the Temple of Vesta, the Basilica Aemilia, Column of Phocas, etc.1